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“Gray Divorces” Increasing Sharply

Danny DeVito and Rhea Perlman, who are breaking up after 30 years of marriage, are part of a growing trend.

While the overall divorce rate is going down, the divorce rate among people 50 and over — so-called “gray divorces” — has more than doubled over the past two decades, according to research by sociologists at Bowling Green State University featured in The Wall Street Journal.

Why the increase?

“A lot of it,” says licensed psychotherapist Rachel Sussman (author of “The Breakup Bible: The Smart Woman’s Guide to Healing from a Breakup or Divorce”), “stems from my generation, the Boomer generation. We’re the first generation that has entered marriage to be personally fulfilled. It’s the ‘me generation.’ We want to be happy. In previous generations, it was for financial reasons or to fulfill roles, be a good husband, be a good wife. But in this generation, your children leave home, you look at your husband or you wife, you realize you’re not happy, you’re not as afraid to leave. So people are exiting, in high numbers.

“Often, couples have been married for 30, 40 years. And if they look at each other after the children are gone and say, ‘You know, we just don’t have the same interests or the same values,’ women are less afraid to make that leap and to go out into the world on their own.”

Women are the ones initiating two-thirds of breakups.

“That’s because women can now,” licensed psychologist Karen Bridbord emphasized. “Basically, women are in the workforce. They are earning, they’re independently, economically sound, and they can do it. So they’re not staying around if they’re unhappy.”

Sussman says the economy plays into the “gray divorce” rate. “I think that, if couples have limited resources and someone has lost their job, those couples might just try to stick it out,” she told co-hosts “CBS This Morning: Saturday” co-hosts Rebecca Jarvis and Anthony Mason. “Divorce is expensive, (especially) if you can’t afford to keep up two households. But if the resources are somewhat plentiful and two people are working and a woman says to herself, ‘You know, I can support myself,’ she won’t be as afraid to leave.”

Are online dating, social media, and people reconnecting with acquaintances from their past making “gray divorce” easier?

“Definitely,” Bridbord replied. “There’s the hope, when people divorce, that they’re going to find somebody else to connect with. But because marriage is really now about personal fulfillment, they are really looking to even go at it on their own. (They’re thinking) if that, so be it — it’s better to be on one’s own, people are thinking, than to be in a relationship that’s less supportive.

“(But) people are actually being really mindful of whether or not they are going to actually go ahead and divorce. That’s my advice. And actually, there’s some recent research that suggests that, even once people do get divorced, they are rethinking it and thinking, ‘Well, was this the best decision for us?’ So there’s a lot of ambivalence around the area of decision-making around divorce. So, really thinking it through is important.”

Infidelity, Bridbord adds, is the third major cause of divorce, and the “gray” divorce rate is the same as that of the general population – about 27 percent.

Anyone mulling a “gray divorce” should try couple’s counseling, Sussman urges.

“I’m a big proponent” of such efforts, she says. “If you’ve been with someone for a very long time and you’ve raised children with them, this person’s always going to be in your life. Weddings, graduations, whatever. And it really makes sense to visit a couples counselor and see if you can” work things out.

View original article here.

When Mama Loses Her Temper

By Meg Lemke, contributor to the Seleni Institute, a nonprofit mental health and wellness center for women and mothers in New York City.

Rebecca was running late and told her 3-year-old that there was no time for another snack. But the toddler ignored her, popped open a can of almonds and spilled nuts everywhere. She also stepped on Rebecca’s foot, maybe on purpose.

Rebecca cleaned up and asked her daughter to “go potty,” before they walked out the door. Her daughter refused. Rebecca was going into her third trimester of pregnancy. She was tired. It was hot. She lost it. She shouted in her daughter’s face — not exactly the kind and consistent approach she had been striving for during potty-training. But it happened.

Moms and anger
We all get angry. Sometimes we lose our temper. “Parents are not intentionally going into a situation and saying if my child misbehaves, I’m going to blow up at them and yell uncontrollably,” says Karen Bridbord, PhD, a psychologist certified by the Gottman Institute, who specializes in relationships. But it happens, says Bridbord, because we hold so tightly to patience, winding ourselves up, until it eventually escapes and explodes.

“I didn’t know that I had this monster inside me,” confesses Megan, mother of a 3-year-old daughter in Baltimore. “I had these ideas of who I wanted to be as a mom: ‘I’ll be perfect. I’ll be in control.’ But there’s so much that goes out of control with a kid.”

Why we yell
The obvious answer is frustration, often sleep deprivation, and the general stress of life. There’s also the sometimes overwhelming sense of responsibility — the to-do list divided among the needs of children, spouse, work. Maybe you just missed the bus, or the sitter didn’t show and you’re on a work deadline. Or maybe you forgot to cut the crusts off the sandwich and simply can’t take the ensuing tantrum. There are bills. There is loneliness. There is what we expected, and what we get, and what we miss.

But, it’s also how we’re programmed to respond. “We call it an ‘amygdala hijacking,'” says Bridbord. “Our emotions overwhelm us, and our heart rate is escalating. Our bodies experience the situation as if we are in fight or flight mode.” But this natural response evolved to save us from saber-toothed tigers, not to negotiate the subtler challenges of modern parenthood.

How to stop the screaming cycle
Dr. Bridbord coaches parents to become aware of the physiological signs of emotional flooding, when our nerves run “off to the races.” We can learn to tell the signals our bodies give in a split second: the tightness in the throat, the rapid breathing. When you feel that response rising in you, take a moment to breathe and get centered.

Carla Naumburg, PhD, author of Parenting in the Present Moment, recommends using a common mindfulness acronym: STOP. “S is for Stop, T is for Take a breath, O is for Observe, P is for Proceed,” says Naumburg. “The idea is to stop whatever you are doing, take a deep breath, and notice what’s going on around you. You can get a little headspace before responding, so you can be more thoughtful instead of knee jerk.”

When she’s at home, Naumburg actually puts her hands on the kitchen counter or takes a minute to concentrate on the feeling of her feet on the floor. These little actions ground her and bring her body and mind back from the fight or flight response.

It helps me to consciously practice thinking about what I love most about my daughter — a strategy recommended by renowned marriage therapist John Gottman. Many of us share a tendency to ruminate on grudges, to see and then replay the worst intentions in others, even our own kids. So I keep a few specific memories on file, like an image of Lola pointing at a block tower with pride, or a phrase I love to hear her say. (“Mama, I missed you!”)

Then I repeat these moments in my head when I am calm — like when I’m lying on my daughter’s floor in the dark at bedtime — so that I can recall them (with effort) in those moments when I feel my chest tightening and my blood pressure rising.

Figure out your triggers
Just like hunger primes a toddler for a tantrum, parents have triggers too. Sometimes our insecurities undermine our best intentions. We identify with our children, and their faults make us more furious when they feel familiar. We may worry their actions are a reflection of us.

At other times, we can view our kids’ behavior as malicious. Dr. Bridbord remembers a father who yelled at his children at bedtime after a long day at the office. Yes, his kids were delaying bedtime (something all kids do), but his anger really came from a lingering sense of disrespect from colleagues. Children “want boundaries and structure, but they’re going to push at times to see how far they can go,” says Dr. Bridbord. That’s normal developmental growth, not that they are out to get you (truly).

And adults fall prey to the same triggers — hunger, exhaustion — that set kids off. Anna, mom of a 3-year-old and a 1-year-old (and pregnant with number three) in Brooklyn, says she “loses it at least a couple times a week.” For her, the episodes come at then end of the day, “when we’re all exhausted.” During a recent incident, her older son was screaming and hitting her so that he could get inside the door ahead of his brother. “I tried to calm him down with words, then resorted to threats (no milk, no dinner, going to bed right away, etc.), then finally just screamed at the top of my lungs.”

Find an outlet for your emotions
As you probably tell your kids, “It’s OK to be angry, but it’s not OK to hurt people.” Feeling anger at your children or anything else in your life is a natural, human emotion. Dr. Cohen recommends talking with a friend or therapist about what’s behind your angry outbursts. “Choose someone who can tolerate you talking about angry feelings without judging you,” suggests Dr. Cohen, and then “talk about what triggers you, about how you were treated as a child, about what kind of nurturing you needed then, and about what values you want driving your own parenting.”

When all else fails, walk away
Sometimes it’s you who needs the time out. If your child is not in imminent danger, walk away. Close the door. And, in really rough moments, Dr. Cohen suggests you “Lie on the floor and declare a surrender.” This idea, from Patty Wipfler’s Hand in Hand Parenting, is “a way to give up the impossible demands for perfection and control, which then allows you to get up committed to what really matters — connection and compassion.”

Dr. Bridbord urges her clients to try meditation. “It increases your ability to not be reactive but rather be reflective in responding to your environment,” says Bridbord. She recommends taking five minutes a day to breathe deeply and focus on what is happening inside you.

What to do after you yell
When your best efforts at staying calm fail, Dr. Cohen says the next step is simple. “Apologize. Children are very forgiving when we acknowledge our mistakes and make an effort to do better.”

“And don’t bother with the guilt,” recommends Philippa Gordon, a pediatrician in Brooklyn. Or “you’ll spend your whole life feeling guilty. The important thing is to model regaining control. Let the kid know that things are back to normal.”

Try to do better, not be perfect
Guilt feels like an action — a way to pay penance. But it’s paralyzing and doesn’t lead to anything productive for you or your child. Instead, model working through your emotions. Dr. Bridbord recommends “actually sitting down, taking a few deep breaths, and modeling to your children at that moment what to do when they’re frustrated. We hear parents say this to their children all the time: take a few deep breaths, take a time out. You’re giving yourself a time out in front of your child.”

“Children are resilient, and they have a deep capacity to forgive in a way that some adults lose over time,” says Dr. Bridbord. “Saying you’re sorry, sharing what you’re feeling, that’s important — you’re emotion coaching. Your role is not to be perfect. They’re not going to love you less because you’re imperfect.”

I’ve been practicing this approach with my daughter. I tell her “Mommy got angry, but she is going to take a deep breath now. She is going to say she’s sorry.” I put my hand to my breastbone as I inhale. Lola also inhales in an exaggerated way. Together, we can start over again in the new moment.

This article was originally published on the Seleni Institute website and is reprinted here with permission. Seleni is a nonprofit mental health and wellness center providing clinical services, research funding, and online information and support for women and mothers. You can follow Seleni on Twitter @selenidotorg and the author @meglemke.

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How to Deal With Financial Infidelity

It’s no secret that money is something of a taboo topic in many social settings. But in a recent survey, American Express found this to be true even between partners. Of the 2,000 individuals surveyed, 91% said they avoid money talks with their spouse or significant other.

Nearly half said they’ve bought something their partner didn’t agree with — and 30% have hidden those purchases from their partner. Some have even gone as far as sneaking out in the middle of the night to buy something or burying the purchase in the backyard.

So what should you do if you have a spendaholic significant other? And what if you’re the one with the hidden shopping problem? Here are three suggestions from the experts.

Pay attention to your partner

When a spouse has been cheated on – whether financially or physically – they usually have some sense that things are amiss but don’t bring it up, at least for a while.

“When you notice something new, you ask the clichéd question ‘when did you get that?’” says Jacquette M. Timmons, president and CEO of Sterling Investment Management and author of the book Financial Intimacy. “And the other person says ‘Oh, I’ve had this for awhile.’ Ultimately, what it really exposes is that there’s a communication gap.”

Karen Bridbord, a couples’ psychologist based in New York City, says that often, something else going on in the relationship contributes to this behavior. It could be one spouse wants to exert a sense of independence or act out against the other person. Perhaps they feel neglected or empty and search for fulfillment by shopping. There may not be any clear-cut warning signs, but in some cases, one spouse may be suddenly selling items to bankroll their new spending habit.

“Money is very symbolic,” says Bridbord. “It’s very tied to psychology in terms of hopes and dreams and security.” Continuously working on the relationship may help prevent smaller issues from snow-balling into a major spending problem.

Take an active role in managing finances

Often, the spouse who doesn’t handle the finances ends up in the dark about their partner’s spending habits. That’s why Timmons recommends that couples share financial chores, such as opening mail, paying bills, and cross-referencing statements and receipts.

Being proactive in bills or opening mail can help you spot a spending pattern before it gets out of hand. Or if you haven’t brought up the issue yet, it can give you the confirmation you need to start a conversation with your spouse.

Communicate to rebuild trust

Some couples may need therapy to regain the trust and emotional intimacy they once shared. Others are able to salvage the relationship on their own through open, honest communication. If you’re the one with the hidden spending problem, Timmons recommends opening the conversation with a statement like, “Honey, I have a problem, and I need your help …” Once it’s out in the open, she recommends creating systems like weekly check-ins to avoid a relapse.

Some partners might react by stonewalling the conversation, getting defensive, showing contempt, or criticizing the other person. All of these behaviors can undermine the relationship, Bridbord says, but there are antidotes to all of them. For instance, “the antidote to defensiveness is taking responsibility,” she explains, “saying something like ‘I can understand what you’re saying because of X, Y, Z’. The antidote to criticism is learning how to complain about something without assassinating the other person’s character.”

The good news is, although it can evoke feelings of betrayal, anger, or frustration, financial infidelity doesn’t need to destroy the relationship. “It can take awhile to earn trust back,” says Bridbord, “but people who face this issue in their relationship have been able to work through it.”

Susan Johnston is a Boston-based freelance writer who covers business and lifestyle topics.

View original article here.